Cerebral Microcirculation and Oxygen Tension in the Human Secondary Cortex

Visualization of a subsection of the secondary cortex - T. Marrinan, CS / UIC

Authors: Linninger, A.A., Gould, I., Marrinan, T., Hsu, C.Y., Chojecki, M., Alaraj, A.

Publication: Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol 41, no 11, DOI: 10.1007/s10439-013-0828-0, pp. 2264-2284

The three-dimensional spatial arrangement of the cortical microcirculatory system is critical for understanding oxygen exchange between blood vessels and brain cells. A three-dimensional computer model of a 3 X 3 X 3 mm3 subsection of the human secondary cortex was constructed to quantify oxygen advection in the microcirculation, tissue oxygen perfusion, and consumption in the human cortex. This computer model accounts for all arterial, capillary and venous blood vessels of the cerebral microvascular bed as well as brain tissue occupying the extravascular space. Microvessels were assembled with optimization algorithms emulating angiogenic growth; a realistic capillary bed was built with space filling procedures. The extravascular tissue was modeled as a porous medium supplied with oxygen by advection-diffusion to match normal metabolic oxygen demand. The resulting synthetic computer generated network matches prior measured morphometrics and fractal patterns of the cortical microvasculature. This morphologically accurate, physiologically consistent, multi-scale computer network of the cerebral microcirculation predicts the oxygen exchange of cortical blood vessels with the surrounding gray matter. Oxygen tension subject to blood pressure and flow conditions were computed and validated for the blood as well as brain tissue. Oxygen gradients along arterioles, capillaries and veins agreed with in vivo trends observed recently in imaging studies within experimental tolerances and uncertainty.

Keywords: Hemodynamics, Oxygen perfusion, Capillary morphometrics, Microvasculature, Cerebral vasculature.

Date: November 1, 2013

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