October 22nd, 2023
Weather forecasting is essential for decision-making and is usually performed using numerical modeling. Numerical weather models, in turn, are complex tools that require specialized training and laborious setup and are challenging even for weather experts. Moreover, weather simulations are data-intensive computations and may take hours to days to complete. When the simulation is finished, the experts face challenges analyzing its outputs, a large mass of spatiotemporal and multivariate data. From the simulation setup to the analysis of results, working with weather simulations involves several manual and error-prone steps. The complexity of the problem increases exponentially when the experts must deal with ensembles of simulations, a frequent task in their daily duties. To tackle these challenges, we propose ProWis: an interactive and provenance-oriented system to help weather experts build, manage, and analyze simulation ensembles at runtime. Our system follows a human-in-the-loop approach to enable the exploration of multiple atmospheric variables and weather scenarios. ProWis was built in close collaboration with weather experts, and we demonstrate its effectiveness by presenting two case studies of rainfall events in Brazil.
Index Terms - Weather visualization, Ensemble visualization, Provenance management, WRF visual setup
Ferreira de Souza, C.V., Bonnet, S.M., de Oliveira, D., Cataldi, M., Miranda, F., Lage, M., ProWis: A visual approach for building, managing, and analyzing weather simulation ensembles in runtime, IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (TVCG) / VIS2023, Melbourne, Australia, October 22nd, 2023.