February 13th, 2009
This paper focuses upon the research and development of a prototype dental simulator for training of periodontal procedures. By the use of virtual reality and haptics technology, the periodontal simulator allows trainees to learn performing diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases by visualizing a three-dimensional virtual human mouth and feeling real tactile sensations while touching the surface of teeth, gingiva, and calculi with virtual dental instruments. Since periodontics requires dentists to depend primarily on tactile sensations to perform diagnostic and surgical procedures, the use of haptics is unquestionably crucial for a realistic periodontal simulator. The haptics-based virtual reality periodontal training simulator has been validated by a experiment conducted by the College of Dentistry at University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) with faculty members and dental students, which demonstrates the scientific contribution and usefulness of the simulator as a vital part of the curriculum of the Department of Periodontics at UIC.
Keywords:Virtual reality, Simulation, Training, Haptics, Dentistry, Periodontics
Luciano, C., Banerjee, P., DeFanti, T., Haptics-based virtual reality periodontal training simulator, SpringerLink, London, UK, Springer-Verlag, February 13th, 2009. http://www.springerlink.com/content/a01l3l462470863h